By Meg Anastasi on 1 Dec, 2022

Promoting equity and agency within early childhood education means using a strength-based approach to ensure that every child is supported to engage in the program in achievable, child-led ways. As professionals, we often reflect on and engage with this concept without realising. This could include things like offering specific children fidget toys when concentration is required.

It’s widely acknowledged that our practice must centre around making children feel comfortable, confident and connected. The EYLF highlights the significance of these concepts in its practices and principles, emphasising that these underpinnings are essential for quality early childhood practice. However, one standard practice across many preschool programs seemingly fails to embed the above-mentioned essential underpinnings of agency, equity and being strength-based. Unfortunately, this practice is end-of-year kinder concerts. 

The EYLF defines agency as ‘being able to make choices and decisions, to influence events and to have an impact on one’s world’ (EYLF, 2009. P.48). Though it fails to define equity, the framework emphasises the need for practice to be centred around children’s safety, and for professionals to embed adaptive and flexible ways of teaching, to ensure that every child can participate in programs with dignity and confidence. We aim to allow each child to flourish in individual ways, knowing that success looks vastly different for each child. 

Representing your teaching philosophy through events

As a teacher, I work to ensure that my teaching is centred around the children themselves. I aim to ensure that each child feels safe, secure and confident. So naturally, this means that I spend much of the year reiterating to children that our classroom is a space that belongs to them. This year, I found planning our end-of-year celebration really challenging. In previous years, the children have performed a concert of songs and Christmas carols while their families watch on. 

Personally, I find end-of-year concerts hard to square with my teaching philosophy. I can’t turn around after working hard to promote equity and confidence within my classroom and, at the end of Term 4, ask the children to do something I would never willingly do. Standing up in front of a room of adults (some of whom are familiar, and some are less so) and performing is something which most adults find scary.  

This year, I am not doing it. 

I’m not doing it in consideration of the child with clear behavioural challenges who I know will draw the crowd's attention. I’m not doing it out of respect for the child who was so shy that she didn’t begin to speak to her peers until Term 3. I’m not doing it for the family whose child is undergoing assessment and is developmentally different from his peers.  

This year, I won’t be standing behind children, desperately hoping that they will stand still for the concert. I won’t watch my students run to their parents, crying because performing in front of large groups can be confronting, scary, and is generally a new experience for them. I won’t be pasting a smile on my face when those same children are sent back up to the front by disappointed parents.  

I want the end of the kinder year to reflect what my teaching is all about- ensuring that my students feel safe and confident and that the space belongs to them. 

Months ago, in Term 3, I had a chat with my class about the end of the year and what our options were. I talked about how we have lots of songs we love and how I wanted them to choose if they would like to do the songs together as a class group or if they wanted to sit with their families instead. So we voted, using small pebbles from the yard. Overwhelmingly, and I admit, unsurprisingly, the result was that eight wanted to perform, and thirty-one elected to sit with their families. 

I strongly feel that as a teacher, my role is to advocate for the children. And despite the fact that many parents enjoy the concert format, the view that "my older child did it, and it was cute" simply doesn’t outweigh the stress, concerns, and other negative feelings the children may experience. So instead, my invites for our end-of-year celebration are labelled "End of Year Sing-Along Picnic". I must admit, I feel a little nervous about this. I’m worried that my deep reflection on this topic won’t be visible to families and that some may feel let down by the more informal structure of the event. However, if this event is to be truly equitable, then I need to feel confident in what I’m asking of children. I think there’s something beautiful about this event being one more closely shared with families, and the children’s vote seems to point to the same.  

Reflective questions to consider in relation to this topic: 

  • Who is this concert for? 

  • What would a child-led end-of-year celebration look like? 

  • How have you embedded the children’s voice within your end-of-year celebration? 

  • What is my view of children within the classroom, and will this be visible in our celebration? 

  • What is the philosophy of my service, and does this celebration align with that? 

Where to from here: 

  • Have one-on-one or small chats with your class group. Ask them, “How would you like to celebrate the end of preschool with your family?” or “What sort of things could we show/teach your grown-ups when they come to preschool at the end of the year?” 

  • Vote, vote, vote! And I don’t mean “hands up if you like this song!” When I invite my class to vote, I explain the concept to them, then give them a chance to individually tell me their thoughts. It takes the pressure, and sometimes confusion, out of it. 

  • Think about your teaching philosophy—the end-of-year celebration should also be a celebration that reflects you as a teacher. If you focus on art and craft, have an art gallery! If you love reading books, get your class to make a book and video them looking through it! If you really value free play, show a slideshow of photos of all the messy fun they’ve had! 

Further reading on this topic: 

Amplify! Missed moments

Amplify! Preschool graduations—who are they really for?

Creative Spirits: Aboriginal Cultural Festivals

Amplify! Survive and thrive through the season

About Meg

Meg is an Early Childhood Teacher in the eastern suburbs of Melbourne on Wurundjeri land. She has worked across a range of settings throughout her decade of work in the early learning sector, and is now pursuing postgraduate study in adult education. Meg is very passionate about advocating for the early childhood profession in a way that both challenges and empowers educators.



Alyssa Wright
Posted on 6 Dec, 2023
Thank you for sharing your thoughts, Meg. This resonates with me so much. I have always been torn between providing special memories for our families whilst also respecting the rights of the children to make decisions on things that affect them. I will be sure to share your reflective questions with other service leaders which will hopefully encourage some critical reflection on events like these in the future.
Debra Parslow
Posted on 6 Dec, 2022
Meg whilst I appreciate your view and pedagogy, I can't help but feel that you may be projecting your own "baggage" about concerts and public performing: "something I would never do". I have over many years finished the year with an informal "sing a long" for the 3s, and a relaxed Nativity Play for the 4s. The children are enthused, engaged and delight in the experience. What an achievement it represents for the child that displayed behaviour issues, the shy child and the developmentally different. Children are not obligated to participate, and some prefer to be an audience member (a role just as important). I myself don't hope the children will "stand still, because if a cohort of children were not developmentally ready for this, then naturally we would not do it, and what we do is not rigid anyway. My children also feel safe, confident and that the space belongs to them. We create a memory and a positive experience of the performing arts, that often leads children into wanting more, and many go on to pursue interests in music, singing and performing. I agree the Concert should be child focused, not a "Parent pleaser", and supported by our Pedagogy but please don't disparage those of us who find it a beautiful conclusion to our year.
Posted on 3 Dec, 2022
What an insightful, thought provoking article. Megs students would surely benefit greatly from her tailored approach to their growth and wellbeing. I hope events like this will also empower other teachers to be creative in their approach at this stressful time of year. Well done meg for advocating so well for your students.
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